The violence began when a crowd outside of Central High School learned that nine African American students were inside the high school. Little Rock Mayor Woodrow Wilson Mann asked President Eisenhower to intervene and Eisenhower issued a proclamation providing the legal justification for military intervention. Eisenhower ordered the dispatch of troops to uphold the law and addressed the nation. Protected by 1,000 members of the 101st Airborne Division of the U.S. Army and the now federalized National Guard, the nine students attended their first full day of classes on September 25.
This photo shows the Little Rock Nine escorted into Central High School by U.S. soldiers.